Laws of the Game

 SFRPD Jose Coronado Indoor Soccer League – Laws of the Game

Updated December, 2019

New Futsal Laws For 2020

Soccer & Futsal Rules Differences

LAW III: NUMBER OF PLAYERS

  1. A game is played with 5 players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. 12 players on a roster.
  2. Maximum number of substitutes is 7. Number of substitutions in a match is unlimited.
  3. A “flying” substitution is one, which is made when the ball is still in play. The substitution zone is situated in front of the teams’ benches and is where the players enter and leave the pitch for substitutions. If, while a substitution is being made, a substitute enters the pitch before the player being replaced has completely left, play is stopped, the player being replaced is instructed to leave the pitch, the substitute is cautioned, and is ordered to leave the pitch to complete the substitution.  If while a substitution is being made, a substitute enters the pitch or a player being substituted leaves the pitch from a place other than his/her own team’s substitution zone, play is stopped, the offending player is cautioned and is ordered to leave the pitch to complete the substitution.
  4. Goalkeeper substitutions: They may change places with any other player provided they are ready to come in with ready equipment or during a time-out. No time out is granted for goalie substitutions.  No game shall start with less than three players on a team. If, in the event of players being sent off, fewer than 3 playersincluding the goalkeeper are left in either of the teams, the match must be abandoned. A player who has been sent off before the kick-off may be replaced only by one of the named substitutes. A named substitute who has been sent off, either before the kick-off or after play has started, may not be re-placed. A substitute may replace a sent-off player and enter the pitch after 2 mins. of playing time have elapsed, provided that he/she has the authorization of the referees, unless a goal is scored before the 2 mins have elapsed, in which case the following conditions apply:

If there are 5 players against 4 and the team with the greater number of players scores a goal, the team with only 4 players may be completed with a 5thplayer;
b. If both teams are playing with 3 or 4 players and a goal is scored, both teams remain the same;
c. If there are 5 players against 3 or 4 against 3, and the team with the greater number of players scores, the team with 3 players may be increased by one more player only;
d. If the team scoring a goal has fewer players, the game continues without any changes.

LAW IV: THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT

1.All players must wear jerseys or shirts of similar color with numbers on the back. Shorts or sweats are mandatory. No jewelry of any kind is allowed.

2.All players must wear gymnastic shoes. No shoes that leave marks on the floor will be allowed on the courts. Shin guards are mandatory and have to be completely covered by the socks.

3.The goalkeeper will wear a uniform of different color.

LAW V: THE REFEREES

  1. The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final. The referee and the second referee may only change a decision if they realize that they have made a mistake or if they deem it necessary to do so, provided that play has not restarted or the match terminated.

LAW VII: DURATION OF THE GAME

  1. The length of the game will equal 2 halves of 20 mins each (running time) with a rest period of no more than 5 mins. U11/5th Grade divisions and under will use the #3 ball. U12/6th Grade divisions and above will use the #4 ball.
  2. A time-out (1 min in duration) may be requested by any team official at any time (one in each half), but will only be conceded when the team is in ball possession and out of play. When time-out is granted the players may remain on or off the pitch. In order to have a drink, the players must leave the pitch. Players may only be substituted at the end of a time-out. The official(s) giving instructions may not enter the pitch.
  3. If a team does not request a time-out during the first half of play, it cannot be compensated for on the second half. The team will lose it. There are no time-outs granted in overtime. At the end of the first half, teams will immediately switch benches. The same occurs at the end of the first overtime period.

LAW VIII: THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY

Visiting team will have automatic kick off. During the kickoff, the opposing team shall be no less than 3 meters from the ball until is kicked off (in any direction) and put in play. A goal cannot be scored directly from a kick-off for all divisions. The kicker may not touch the ball a second time (IFK).

LAW IX: THE BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY

When a match is being played on an indoor pitch and the ball hits the ceiling or the basketball hoop/board (if they are inside the pitch) the game is restarted by a kick-in, awarded to the opposing team to the one that last touched the ball. The kick-in is taken closest to where the infraction occurred. If the ball hits the ceiling while in play, the game is restarted with a kick-in taken by the opponents from the point on the side line nearest to the place on the ground above which the ball hit the ceiling.

LAW XII: FOULS AND MISCONDUCT– DIRECT FREE KICK (DFK)

  1. A player who intentionally commits one of the following seven offenses in a manner considered by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force will be awarded a DFK:
  2. Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent;
    Tripping an opponent;
    c. Jumping at an opponent;
    d. Charging an opponent; 
    e. Pushing an opponent;
    f. Striking or attempting to strike an opponent;
    g. tackling an opponentA DFK is also awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following three offenses:
    h. Spitting at an opponent;
    i. Holding an opponent;
    j. Handling the ball deliberately/accidentally, except for the goalkeeper in his/her penalty area;

and it is to be taken from the spot where the fault occurred and if the infringement happened in the penalty area, irrespective of the position of the ball but provided that it is in play, a penalty kick shall be awarded. The above-mentioned fouls are accumulative fouls.

INDIRECT FREE KICK (IFK)

  1. A player committing any of the following five offenses:
  2. Playing in a dangerous manner in the presence of an opponent;
    b. Deliberately impeding the progress of an opponent when the ball is not being played;
    c. Preventing the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands;
    d. commits against a team-mate one of the nine offenses penalized with a direct free kick if they are committed against an opponent.
    e. Committing any other offense, not previously mentioned in Law XII or any other law, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player,

shall be penalized by the award of an IFK, to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred.

An IFK is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper commits one of the following offenses, to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred, unless it happened in the penalty area, in which case the IFK shall be taken from the goalie’s box line at the point closest to the spot where the infringement occurred:

  1. Following a kick-in taken by a player in his/her own team, the ball is directly passed to the goalkeeper, who touches or controls it with his hands (pass-back);
    g. Touches/controls it with his/her hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a teammate;
    h. He/she touches or controls the ball with his/her hands or feet, for more than four seconds, except when he/she touches or controls the ball on the opponent’s half of the playing court;
    i. After having released the ball, he/she receives the ball from a teammate, without it having first been played or touched by an opponent. The above-mentioned fouls are not accumulative fouls.

CAUTIONABLE OFFENSES

  1. A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he/she commits any of the following offenses:
  2. Is guilty of unsportsmanlike behavior;
    b. Shows dissent by word or action;
    c. Persistently infringes the laws of the game;
    d. Delays the restart of play;
    e. Fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, kick-in, free kick;
    f. Enters or re-enters the playing court without the referees’ permission;
    g. Deliberately leaves the playing court without the referees’ permission.

For any of these offenses, an IFK is awarded to the opposing team.

  1. A player shall be ejected from the playing court and shown the red card if in the opinion of the referee:
  1. Is guilty of serious foul play;
    b. Is guilty of violent conduct;
    c. Uses fouled or abusive language;
    d. Is guilty of persisting misconduct after cautioning;
    e. Spits at an opponent or any other person;
    f. Denies the opposing team a goal or obvious goal scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball;
    g. Denies an obvious goal scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the players’ goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick.  The referees have the authority to pronounce disciplinary sanctions on players from the moment they enter the pitch until they leave the pitch after the final whistle.

Team officials (Coach, Assistant Coach, Manager or trainer) guilty of misconduct or & “Inappropriate Bench Behavior” can be shown a Yellow Card/Red Card.  If an offender cannot be identified, the senior coach in the technical area receives the YC/RC.

LAW XIII: FREE KICKS

At the take of a free kick, direct or indirect, all opposing players and the defending wall must be at least 5 meters from the ball (quick free kicks are at the discretion of the team taking the kick, otherwise free kicks will be taken after a 2ndwhistle after the ref has set up the wall ceremonially) and the wall cannot move until the ball has been put in play. If a player of the opposing team encroaches, the free kick will be retaken. If the free kick is not taken within 4 seconds, an IFK will be given to the opposing team. When a defending team is taking a free kick from within its own penalty area, all opponents must be outside this penalty area. The ball is in play after it has been kicked or touched and has left the penalty area.

After a team commits its 5th accumulative foul, all free kicks starting with the 6th one will be direct, irrespective of the infraction. They will be taken from the double penalty spot, unless any player commits a foul on the opponents’ half of the court or on his own half outside an imaginary line parallel to the center line but going through the double penalty spot, in which case the free kick shall be taken from that spot on the court. A goal may be scored directly from this free kick and a wall will no longer be permitted as defense against the DFK. The player taking the kick must do so with the intent of scoring a goal. All players will need to remain behind an imaginary line, which is in line with the ball and parallel to the goal line, and outside the penalty area. All players must be 5 meters from the ball. The goalkeeper must remain on the goal line until the ball is kicked from the second penalty spot.

If the game goes into overtime, all accumulative fouls from the 2nd half of the game continue to count up in the overtime period. The referees may allow play to continue by applying the advantage rule if the team has not yet committed 5 accumulated fouls and the opposing team is not denied an obvious goal scoring opportunity.

It is an offence if a player: 
-deliberately touches the ball with their hand/arm, including moving the hand/arm towards the ball.
-gains possession/control of the ball after it has touched their hand/arm and then:
scores in the opponents’ goal, creates a goal-scoring opportunity, or scores in the opponents’ goal directly from their hand/arm, even if accidental, including by the goalkeeper.
It is usually an offence if a player:
touches the ball with their hand/arm when:
the hand/arm has made their body unnaturally bigger
the hand/arm is above/beyond their shoulder level (unless the player deliberately plays the ball which then touches their hand/arm)
The above offences apply even if the ball touches a player’s hand/arm directly from the head or body (including the foot) of another player who is close.
Except for the previous offences, it is not usually an offence if the ball touches a player’s hand/arm:
directly from the player’s own head or body (including the foot)
directly from the head or body (including the foot) of another player who is close
if the hand/arm is close to the body and does not make the body unnaturally bigger
when a player falls and the hand/arm is between the body and the ground to support the body, but not extended laterally or vertically away from the body

Heading
In U12 matches and younger, deliberate heading of the ball is to be whistled and an IFK shall be awarded to the opponent team at the spot of the infraction.  When the deliberate heading occurs inside the goalie’s area, the IFK will be taken from the second penalty spot.  This is a non-accumulative foul.

LAW XIV: PENALTY KICK

Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick or 2nd penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of over time.

The players are located outside the penalty area, behind or to the side of the penalty mark and at least 5 meters from the penalty mark. During the penalty kick the goalie remains on the goal line.


LAW XV: KICK-IN

  1. When the ball completely crosses over the touchline, it shall be kicked-in from the place where it crossed the touch line. The ball must be stationary on the touchline, either from the point where it left the pitch or on the ground outside it at a distance no greater than 10 inches from that point (the equivalence of the size of the futsal ball). The players of the opposing team shall be at least 3 meters from the spot where the kick-in is being taken. If an opponent interferes with or hinders a kick-in from being taken properly: The kick-in is retaken by the same team and the offending player is cautioned for unsporting behavior and shown the yellow card, unless the advantage can be applied or an offense punishable by a free kick or penalty kick is committed by the opposing team of the player taking the kick-in. Players taking the kick-in must do so within 4 seconds of being ready to do so. The ball is in play when it enters the pitch.  If the ball does not enter the pitch, the referee shall order a player from the same team to re-take the kick-in.
  2. A goal cannot be scored directly from a kick-in. if the player taking the kick-in, touches it again before it has touched an opponent, an IFK is awarded to the opposing team where the infringement occurred.
  3. The player taking the kick-in must have part of each foot either on the touchline or on the ground outside the touchline. The kick-in is retaken by a player of the opposing team if the kick-in is taken incorrectly; if it is taken from a position other than the place where the ball passes over the touch line and if is not carried out within 4 secs of the player taking it after being in possession of the ball.

 

LAW XVI: GOAL CLEARANCE

  1. For U15 divisions and below and when the ball completely crosses the end line, the goalkeeper, standing within his/her own penalty area, shall only throw it back into play and it has to touch any player or the goalkeeper’s own half of the pitch before it crosses the halfway line of the pitch. During dynamic play (live ball) the goalie must also throw it back into play within 4 secs and it must touch a player or the goalkeeper’s own half of the pitch before it crosses the halfway line of the pitch. In this case the goalie may also place and kick or roll and kick the ball past the half way line. No punt or drop-kick.
    2. For U16 divisions and above, and from a goal clearance or dynamic play, the ball may pass the halfway line of the pitch without first having touched the goalkeeper’s own half of the pitch or an opponent.
  2. A goal may not be scored directly from a goal clearance.
  3. If the ball is touched or played by a player of the same team as the goalkeeper who is making the goal clearance or by a player of the opposing team, inside the goalkeeper’s penalty area, the goal clearance shall be retaken. If the ball is not thrown directly out of the penalty area from a goal clearance, the clearance is retaken, but the 4 second count is not reset and continues once the goalkeeper is ready.
  4. The goalkeeper is allowed to come out of his penalty area but he/she cannot retain the ball for more than 4 seconds at a time, except while playing in the opponents’ half of the pitch. An IFK will be awarded to the opponent if the goalkeeper retains the ball for more than 4 seconds to be taken at the spot of the infraction, unless it happened inside the penalty area, where it will be taken at the penalty area line.

LAW XII: CORNER KICK

  1. A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick, but only against the opposing team, a corner kick will be awarded to the opposing team if the corner kick is performed by the team taking the corner kick into their own goal.
  2. The ball is given to the goalkeeper of the opposing team (goal clearance), if the corner kick is not performed within 4 seconds or for an improper performed corner-kick.
  3. Players of the opposing team shall not encroach within 5 meters of the corner spot until it is in play.